Bed bugs are small non-flying insects with a flat oval shape about the size of an apple pip. Their flattened body allows them to squeeze into small cracks and crevices and as a result they can be hard to detect and eradicate. They are blood-sucking insects that require blood for nutrition and development.
In Australia there are two species, the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius, and the tropical Bed Bug, Cimex hemipterus. The type will depend on the location of the property affected. Fortunately the two species are similar and the same control strategies can be used for both.
Bed bugs feed mostly at night when the host is asleep. Bites cause small, hard, swollen welts on the skin that may become inflamed and itch severely.
Bed bugs have not been implicated in the transmission of diseases. Their medical significance is usually limited to the irritation from their bites.
For more info see www.bedbug.org.au